By Samarth Sarin
We all are aware (or not?) of the variety India has to offer with regards to food, culture and traditions. While it’s easy to associate ‘South Indian food’ to Idli-Dosa and North Indian food to ‘Naan and Dal Makhni’, there’s a lot more that needs to be discovered by our taste buds!
Here’s a quick listicle about popular Indian food from each of 29 Indian states. However, add to this your own favorites because when it comes to ‘famous Indian delicacies’, sky is the limit!
North India is famous for its cuisines but the most famous from Punjab is Makki ki roti and Sarsoo ka saag. The other famous food items include rajma chawal, chhola Bhatura and many more. Apart from the famous vegetarian stuff Punjab is the home for tandoori items.
Gujarat is famous for its dishes like Khaman, Dhokla, thepla which are both healthy and delicious. Khaman is the favourite snack not only in Gujarat but in many states. There is a very large variation of food style in Gujarat from very sweet to very spicy at the same time.
Maharashtra is a combination of many thus has a wide range of food items. But the ones who top the list are pav bhhaji and vada pao. The spicy bhaji with mouth-watering with butter pav makes you feel the air of the beaches in Maharashtra.
This state prefers food which can be consumed for a very long time without heating and lasts for a long time. Bikaneri Bhujiya, Mirchi Bada, Pyaaz Kachori are the favourite food items for all Rajasthan people. Because of less water in the state, people mainly prefer food items cooked in milk and its products.
Karnataka is famous for its Bisi Bele Bath. It literally means hot-lentil-rice in Kannada. Its key ingredients are spices, toor dal, vegetables, nutmeg, asafoetida, curry leaves and tamarind.
Assam is famous for its tangy and hot fish curry known as Masor Tenga. This is a very sour dish and wide range of sour elements are used for this like lemon, tomatoes etc.
This state gives us the delicious momos for which now every state craves and it has become the famous street food in every other state.
Manipur grows the hottest chilly in the world and this chilly is used to prepare erombas. This dish can be made with many vegetables as per preference. The non veg variety is made with fermented fish. Ngari, a type of fermented fish, is available only in Manipur!
Jadoh is a khaasi delicacy from Meghalaya. It is also known as Khaasi Pulao. It has lots of spices, chunky meat pieces and boiled eggs too!
10. Madhya Pradesh
Pohe is the most common dish of Madhya Pradesh. It is not only famous in this state but is a very famous breakfast in many other states too. It is made with flattened rice mixed with some vegetables and spices.
Bihar is famous for its tempting litti chokha which is prepared in pure ghee. Litti is wheat balls stuffed with sattu powder and chokha is made with brinjals, green-chilies, etc.
Chapura or the ‘red ant chutney’ form the Bastar region is a unique delicacy from this Indian state. Ants are made into a paste along with spices. It is even believed to have medicinal properties!
Bebinca is a famous dessert from Goa which is served warm with cold ice cream. Traditional version has seven layers. The ingredients include plain flour, sugar, ghee (clarified butter), egg yolk, and coconut milk.
Bathua Raita is a popular add-on to meals in Haryana. It is made with grinded leaves of bathua (a leafy vegetable from the spinach family) and curd.
15. Himachal Pradesh
Pachole is a season Himachali dish, specifically from Solan District. It is made with sweet corn and spices, mixed and mashed together. The it is steamed and relished best with ghee.
16. Jammu and Kashmir
An aromatic lamb preparation with a Kashmiri origin, stewed with a host of ground spices to create a stunning dish, served with parathas. Paired with chicken shammi kebabs and raita.
Meat Salan is a popular dish from this region. It is essentially a flavorsome lamb curry cooked with potatoes and spiced with Garam Masala.
18. Uttar Pradesh
Pasanda is a famous Mughlai dish popular in Uttar Pradesh. It has its roots in Pakistani cuisine. Pasanda is made with fried lamb pieces cooked in a spicy gravy.
Sawhchiar is a delicacy which is made by boiling meat and rice together. This non veg dish is made from pork, fish or chicken.
Chhena Poda is a dessert made with ricotta cheese desert. This also includes cashews, sugar, nuts and is baked for several hours. Some people even cut ‘Chhena Poda’ as their birthday cake.
This state is famous for its phagshapa. This dish is made with pork fat and is cooked with radish, turnips and chillies. It has its roots in Nepal.
22. Tamil Nadu
Kadugu yerra is a famous dish from Tamil Nadu / Podicherry region. It is made with shrimps in mustard and coconut gravy.
23. Arunachal Pradesh
Apong is famous traditional dish from Arunachal Pradesh. It is a traditional rice beer and takes about 3 months to process.
Awan Bangwi is a Tripuri cake made from rice, cashews, raisins, ghee and a bit of ginger! It is then steamed.
This state is famous for its chocolate dessert called bal mithai which is made with khoya and sugar. It is coated with sugar balls.
26. West Bengal
Bengal is famous for its fish (maach) and rice. It is cooked in mustard oil and that makes it distinct from the rest of the fish curries.
The authentic keralean dish is Irachi Ishtu, or chicken / beef / lamb stew best enjoyed with appams.
28. & 29. Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
Andhra Pradesh is known for its tangy, hot and spicy taste. The cooking style is varied due to the large expansion of the state. These states are famous for its Biryani for both vegetarians and non-vegetarians. Chicken curry acts as a treat for all non-vegetarians there.
This list, in no way, is exhaustive. It’s a very small sneak – peek into the variety and Indian cuisines have to offer. This is just the tip of the ice-berg!
You can try some of these dishes at Holachef.
About Samarth Sarin
Samarth loves football and plays it with his friends – on-ground and even on his laptop. He has a keen interest in Android and Web development. He loves to make people around him laugh with his sense of humor. In fact, he hates to see people sad or upset!